This paper reports on a parametric study of side impact crash tests. Relative changes in injury risk are assessed for both front and rear struck side occupants in tests with variation of mass, stiffness, geometry and speed of the impacting mobile deformable barrier.
The study concludes that the ground clearance of the MDB face and impact velocity have a significantly greater effect on injury risk than the other parameters.
The paper also includes consideration of tests to further investigate the effects of mass ratio between the struck and striking vehicle.
This cooperative project between the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services and Transport Canada includes analysis of intruding door behaviour and consequent effects on injury risk.
|2000||Seyer K, Newland C, Terrell M, Dalmotas D. The effect of mass, stiffness and geometry on injury outcome in side impacts: a parametric study. Stapp Car Crash J. 2000;44:1-11. SAE 2000-01-SC01.|
|1999||Nolan JM, Powell MR, Preuss CA, Lund AK. Factors contributing to front-side compatibility: a comparison of crash test results. In: Proceedings of the 43rd Stapp Car Crash Conference. October 25-27, 1999; San Diego, CA. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers:13-24. SAE 99SC02.|
|1998||Wykes NJ, Edwards MJ, Hobbs CA. Compatibility requirements for cars in frontal and side impact. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). May 31–June 4, 1998; Windsor, Ontario, Canada.667-681.|
|1998||Seyer K, Terrell M, Fildes B, Dyte D, Digges K. Development and benefits of a harmonised dynamic side impact standard. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). May 31–June 4, 1998; Windsor, Ontario, Canada.1696-1707.|
|2003||Dakin GJ, Arbelaez RA, Nolan JM, Zuby DS, Lund AK. Insurance institute for highway safety side impact crashworthiness evaluation program: impact configuration and rationale. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). May 19-22, 2003; Nagoya, Japan.|
|2001||Digges K, Eigen A. Measurements of vehicle compatibility in front-to-side crashes. In: Proceedings of the 2001 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact. October 10-12, 2001; Isle of Man, UK.|
|2009||Salzar RS, Genovese D, Bass CR, Bolton JR, Guillemot H, Damon AM, Crandall JR. Load path distribution within the pelvic structure under lateral loading. Int J Crashworthiness. 2009;14(1):99-110.|