The transmission of longitudinal vibration in the hand-arm system of five subjects was investigated. Altogether 405 individual tests were made. Vibration was measured with an accelerometer (weight 0.4 g) fixed in turn to the wrist, the elbow, and the upper arm by means of a supporting device (weight 34 g). A handle with strain gauges attached was used to study the effect of compression force (10, 20 and 40 N) and constant acceleration (1, 3 and 10 g) on the transmission of vibration at frequencies from 20 to 630 Hz. In the curves recorded, sharp dips appeared which were evidently caused by resonances from the soft tissues of the hand. However in the hand-arm system no common resonance frequency was observed that would harmfully affect the health of workers. Vibration in the hand-arm system was attenuated at an average of 3 dB per octave at the frequencies between 20 and 100 Hz. Between 100 and 630 Hz the attenuation was about 6 dB per octave in the wrist and 10 dB per octave in the elbow and upper arm. At the frequency of 630 Hz the attenuation was hence about 35 dB in the wrist and about 45 DB in the elbow. The attenuation of vibration in the elbow joint was 2 to 4 dB at all frequencies. The hand-arm system appears to be linear at the acceleration range considered; the increase in handle vibration by, e.g., 10 dB also increased vibration in the hand by 10 dB. When the grip strength was increased fourfold, i.e., 12 dB, vibration increased only 3 to 5 dB in the hand-arm system. Thus changing the weight of a vibrating tool does not reduce vibration enough. Therefore attempts to reduce vibration should concentrate on the mechanical parts of the engines.
vibration syndrome, hand-arm system, vibration transmission, tissue resonance, compression force, acceleration, chain saw modeling, vibration attenuation