Background: Football players wear boots of varying cleat designs with some preferring the bladed cleats while others opting for the conventional studded cleats. The current study compares biomechanically the boots with differing cleat designs and their effect on feet, if any.
Methods: Twenty-nine healthy male volunteers were recruited from amateur football teams. They were asked to perform three trials each of two activities: a straight run and a run cutting at a 60° angle wearing bladed and studded Adidas®-F series boots on artificial turf. Plantar pressure values were recorded using the Pedar®-X in-shoe pressure measuring device. Peak pressure and pressure-time integral were analysed over 11 clinically relevant areas under the foot.
Results: While the in-shoe pressure and pressure-time integral were higher under the medial half of the foot with studded boots, they were higher under the lateral half of the foot with the bladed design.
Conclusions: The studded boots can be considered safer as the pressure distribution across the foot and the pattern of centre of pressure progression mimicked the normal motif, whereas the bladed boots could potentially be deemed relatively more harmful due to the unnatural increased loading under the lateral half of the foot, predisposing the foot to injuries.
|1999||Hawkins RD, Fuller CW. A prospective epidemiological study of injuries in four English professional football clubs. Br J Sports Med. June 1999;33(3):196-203.|
|1980||Cavanagh PR, Lafortune MA. Ground reaction forces in distance running. J Biomech. 1980;13(5):397-406.|
|1983||Ekstrand J, Gillquist J. Soccer injuries and their mechanisms: a prospective study. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1983;15(3):267-270.|
|1996||Lambson RB, Barnhill BS, Higgins RW. Football cleat design and its effect on anterior cruciate ligament injuries: a three-year prospective study. Am J Sports Med. 1996;24(2):155-159.|
|2006||Livesay GA, Reda DR, Nauman EA. Peak torque and rotational stiffness developed at the shoe-surface interface: the effect of shoe type and playing surface. Am J Sports Med. March 2006;34(3):415-422.|
|2014||Dé R, James D. The effect of stud shape on penetration characteristics through synthesized natural turf in football. Procedia Eng. 2014;72:648-653.|
|2018||Taylor JB, Nguyen A-D, Griffin JR, Ford KR. Effects of turf and cleat footwear on plantar load distributions in adolescent American football players during resisted pushing. Sports Biomech. 2018;17(2):227-237.|
|2012||Driscoll HF. Understanding Shoe-Surface Interactions in Football [PhD thesis]. Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Hallam University; January 2012.|