This study aims at determining, with the maximum precision, the performance of the 3 point safety belt in different accident configurations, and more particularly in frontal collisions.
For this purpose, two matched samples were taken from a file of 3000 accidents, analysed by a multidisciplinary study group. These samples of 100 front seat occupants wearing seat belts, and 100 not wearing seat belts were made up in such a manner that, for every belted occupant, corresponds an occupant not wearing a belt, the one and the other being in equivalent circumstances, using the following factors:
- Make and type of the vehicle
- Seat occupied
- Age (as far as possible)
- Direction of impact
- Violence of the impact (same class of ▵V and mean γ)
- Possible intrusion of passenger compartment
- Possible overload caused by a rear seat occupant
Using this method of comparison, one can appreciate the effectiveness of the 3 point belt and explain the variations of effectiveness that appear in normal case studies.