Based on two independent accident studies of a 10 year research period with a total of 45,000 car accidents basic data on the occurrence of neck injuries are presented.
The risk determination of neck injuries by frequency and severity for front, side and rear end crashes is analysed.
The paper includes a review of literature and the results of neck injury occurrence are compared.
The distribution of neck injuries with seating position, sex, age and the correlation of neck injury and overall injury severity is discussed. Results of the effect of head restraints and safety belts are presented.