The fracture mechanics (FM) parameters of cancellous bone tissues are very important from a clinical point of view especially for the bone cement augmentation. From the literature review, one can observe that the experimental determination of fracture mechanic parameters of cancellous bone are still lacking. This can be due to the conditions associated with the unstable crack propagation in the cancellous bone and lack of tools to extract and measure the parameters (like crack opening displacement (COD) and crack length) in the course of fracture tests, which are necessary to evaluate the fracture properties. To address above mentioned, a platform was developed integrating an optical measurement technique like digital image correlation (DIC) with classical wedge splitting test (WST) method to extract precise and real crack tip positions, crack opening displacement (COD) at each load step. These indeed used for the evaluation of the fracture mechanic properties (fracture toughness, specific fracture energy (Gf)) of the cancellous bone. Two approaches were used to evaluate the fracture mechanic properties of the bone. The first method is based on the global approach, which was widely used in the literature and the second method is based on the local approach. In this local approach, the local fracture energy (Gi) during the course of the test was evaluated, which give access to local fracture mechanics. The results evaluated by both the methods were in good accordance and compared with available literature. In addition, an attempt made to retrieve the real crack tip position at each load step during the test.
Keywords: Cancellous bone; Fracture energy (Gf); Fracture toughness; Local fracture energy (Gi); Wedge splitting test; Digital image correlation (DIC)