Hypoparathyroidism (HypoPT) and pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) are diseases with abnormal calcium and phosphate homeostasis and low and high PTH levels, respectively. It has been hypothesized that this could dispose to vascular calcifications and thereby perhaps also cardiovascular morbidity. The aim of this study was to assess lower leg arterial calcifications (LLAC) in patients with HypoPT or PHP. Using a cross-sectional design, we measured the LLAC using a high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) scanner in 72 patients with HypoPT and 25 patients with PHP and compared them with findings in 61 controls. LLAC were found in only two (3%) of the controls. Compared to the controls, LLAC were significantly more prevalent in patients with HypoPT (N = 12, [17%], p < 0.01) and PHP (N = 4, [16%], p < 0.04). Compared to the patients without calcifications, patients with calcifications had higher plasma calcium levels and a lower eGFR, as well as they were older and more often males. Plasma phosphate levels and the calcium-phosphate product were not associated with LLAC. In conclusion, we found that HypoPT and PHP are associated with an increased prevalence of vascular calcifications.
Hypoparathyroidism; Pseudohypoparathyroidism; Vascular calcifications; HR-pQCT