Up to now crash tests highly are restricted to the aspects of self-protection. Due to the fact that compatibility is recognised as an important safety factor in real life car to car accidents a test - and rating procedure is proposed which in addition to self-protection also delivers information on the aggressiveness and compatibility of cars. The test procedure bases on the European frontal crash standard against the offset deformable barrier, but the barrier is modified towards more energy absorption and higher penetration resistance. Vehicle mass in connection with crush zone stiffness and stiffness distribution are assumed to be the influencing factors on aggressiveness, and these effects are quantified by measuring the crush force behind the barrier, the deformation energy in the barrier and the homogeneity of barrier deformation.
Several barrier tests with small and big cars are achieved. With the help of an appropriate rating system self-protection as well as aggressiveness and compatibility of the individual models are quantified. To validate these results additional frontal impacts with big cars against small cars are carried out. The findings, in terms of injury risks for the occupants of the small cars, show sufficient coincidence to the barrier results.
|1991||Ernst G, Brühning E, Glaeser KP, Schmid M. Compatibility problems of small and large passenger cars in head on collisions. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV). November 4-7, 1991; Paris, France.103-110.|
|1996||Klanner W, Langwieder K. The correlation between test and real-life accidents for the car-to-car frontal crash. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). May 13-16, 1996; Melbourne, Australia.210-219.|
|1991||Evans L, Frick MC. Driver fatality risk in two-car crashes: dependence on masses of driven and striking car. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles (ESV). November 4-7, 1991; Paris, France.83-93.|
|2001||Meyerson SL, Nolan JM. Effects of geometry and stiffness on the frontal compatibility of utility vehicles. In: Proceedings of the 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). June 4-7, 2001; Amsterdam, The Netherlands.|
|2007||Ablaßmeier W, Slaba T, Walner S, Hartlieb M, Böning S, Wrobel B, Kamm M, O'Brien S, Schwarz T, Zobel R, Ebner H-T. Opportunities for a worldwide compatibility evaluation: German manufacturer’s position paper on crash compatibility. In: Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles (ESV). June 18-21, 2007; Lyon, France.|
|2009||Blum J, Scullion P, Morgan R, Digges K, Kan C-D. Structural attributes of the striking vehicle that control aggressivity toward the struck-vehicle in frontal collisions. In: Proceedings of the 2009 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impact. September 9-11, 2009; York, UK.189-199.|