Damage mechanisms of model materials have been studied using in situ tensile tests coupled with high resolution X-ray tomography. This non destructive technique revealed that 50% of the particles were pre-damaged by the extrusion. The initiation and growth phases of the damage process were quantified using the three dimensional images. The growth phase, measured both locally (on isolated particles) and globally (in the entire block) was compared with the Rice and Tracey prediction which was shown to overestimate the global prediction and to give a reasonable agreement of the local growth rate. Discrepancies between prediction and experiments could be partly quantified by introducing the effect of the growth threshold in the Rice and Tracey analysis. The scatter in the measured thresholds and growth rates were attributed to local crystallography and to local spatial arrangement effects.
Damage; Ductile; Metals