There are currently no population‐based reference data sets available for volumetric bone mineral density and microarchitecture parameters measured using the second‐generation high‐resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR‐pQCT), yet the technology is rapidly becoming a standard for studies of bone microarchitecture. Although cross‐calibrated data sets from the first‐generation HR‐pQCT have been reported, they are not suitable for second‐generation bone microarchitecture properties because of fundamental differences between scanner generations. This study provides site‐ and sex‐specific centile curves across the adult life span for second‐generation HR‐pQCT properties. A total of 1236 adult participants (768 female and 468 male) from the Calgary area between the ages of 18 and 90 years were scanned at the distal tibia and radius using the second‐generation HR‐pQCT. Bone densities, microarchitectural properties, and failure load estimated using finite element analysis were determined using standard in vivo protocol. Site‐ and sex‐specific centile curves were generated using the generalized additive models for location, scale, and shape (GAMLSS) method. These data provide reference curves appropriate for predominantly white male and female adults, which can be used as a tool to assess patient‐ or cohort‐specific bone health.
BONE MICROARCHITECTURE; BONE MINERAL DENSITY; HIGH‐RESOLUTION PERIPHERAL QUANTITATIVE COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; PERCENTILES; REFERENCE VALUES