Angular dependent Young's modulus Eφ presented by Bonfield and Grynpas [Nature270, 453–454 (1977)] was simulated by using the distribution function of the orientation of mineral in plexiform bone introduced on the basis of an X-ray pole figure analysis (XPFA) and a small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) results. Calculations were performed with the aid of a simple model which expresses well the geometrical characteristic of plexiform bone. Estimated angular dependent Young's modulus in terms of the distribution of mineral orientation reproduced the experimental results. The suitable aspect ratio of bone mineral for the reproduction of the empirical data was a reasonable value compared with the morphological study of bone mineral. It is concluded that the angular dependence of mechanical properties of plexiform bone is explained by the distribution of bone mineral orientation and its morphology.