The shape, the typical orientation, and the average size of mineral crystals in different types of mineralized tissues were investigated by means of small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS). To rule out eventual artifacts due to sample preparation, four different standard preparation techniques were used and a comparison showed that the SAXS results were identical for all four methods. In mineralized turkey leg tendon, a frequently used model system for bone, the crystals were found to be typically plate-like with a thickness of the order of 2 nm. This stands in contrast to the case of bone (calvaria, femur, and iliac crest) from mouse, rat, and dog, where mainly needle-like crystals were found. The thickness of these crystals ranged from 3 to 4 nm but was remarkably constant for different bones of a given animal. The preferred orientation of the needle-like crystals was along the main axis of the femur and within the surface of the calvaria (for mouse, rat, and dog). The mineral plates in turkey leg tendon were located inside the hole zone and oriented along the fibril axis. Finally, no periodic arrangement of the crystals inside the hole zone of the collagen could be found.