Distal canine femurs were sectioned into 8mm cubic specimens. Orthogonal compression tests were performed to preyield in two or three directions and to failure in a third. Apparent density and ash weight density were measured for a subset of specimens. The results were compared to the human distal femur results of Ciarelli et al. (Transactions of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Vol. 11, p. 42, 1986). Quantitative similarities existed in the fraction of components comprising the trabecular tissue of the two species. Qualitative similarities were seen in the positional and anisotropic variation of the mechanical properties, and also in the form and strength of the relationships between the mean modulus and bone density, ultimate stress and density, and ultimate stress and modulus. However, significantly different regression equations resulted for the mean modulus-density, and ultimate stress-modulus relationships, indicating that for the same density, canine trabecular bone displays a lower modulus than human, and may achieve greater compressive strains before failure.