In this chapter, biomechanical methods used to analyze healing and repair of ligaments and tendons are initially described such that the tensile properties of these soft tissues as well as their contribution to joint motion can be determined. The focus then turns to the important mechanical and biological factors that improve the healing process of ligaments. The biomechanics of surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament and the key surgical parameters that affect the performance of the replacement grafts are subsequently reviewed. Finally, injury mechanisms and the biomechanical analysis of various treatment techniques for various types of tendon injuries are described.
Keywords: tensile properties, kinematics, knee, reconstruction, healing