Alcohol use, driving records, crash culpability, and crash conviction rates for 165 injured motorcycle drivers (MTCDs) were studied. Of the 165 MTCDs, 53.3% tested positive for alcohol (BAC+). Culpability determinations (N=150) revealed that 83% of BAC+ and 46% of BAC- MTCDs caused their crashes (p<0.001). Driving records (N=145) revealed the following prevalence of ³1 convictions for BAC+ and BAC- MTCDs: impaired driving (29% vs 7%, p<0.001); speeding (74% vs 58%, p<0.05); and reckless driving (68% vs 44%, p<0.002). Of the surviving culpable impaired MCTDs (N=48), 16.7% received crash-related convictions, 12.5% received alcohol-related convictions. The data suggest that legal sanctions against injured BAC+ MTCDs are inadequate.