All available shoulder finite element models are partially validated against cadaver tests in frontal and lateral impacts and have simplified geometries of shoulder bones and ligaments. In this study, an anatomically‐correct FE model of the shoulder bones (humerus, clavicle, scapula, sternum, T1 and first rib) and ligaments is developed using MRI/CT scans. This model was validated against the dynamic response of cadavers in sled (side and frontal) and pendulum impact tests (lateral and oblique) as reported in the literature. The predicted dynamic response of the developed shoulder model agrees well with cadaver response/corridors.
Keywords: Human Body; Shoulder dynamic response; Shoulder FE model; Sled Tests; Validation