This paper discusses the improvement and assessment of structural interaction in SUV-to-car frontal collisions. For this purpose, a series of crash tests using SUVs and small cars was conducted. The results of the SUV-to-small car crash tests indicated that the aggressiveness of SUVs can be reduced by equipping the SUV with a secondary energy absorbing structure (SEAS) or by aligning the height of the SUV's longitudinal members with that of the small car's longitudinal members. The full-width tests, which had been proposed for the assessment of structural interaction, were conducted to detect and assess SEAS reaction force. The test results indicated that SEAS reaction force is detected in the full-width deformable barrier test and also suggested that vertical structural interaction (VSI) will be a useful criterion for assessing SEAS reaction force.